This is the type of education that involves the integration of peoples values, culture, believes, historical texts and perspectives. Multicultural education is an integral part of our American education system in the sense that it helps achieve the highest grades of achievement and prepare the students to become independent-minded persons, on the other hand, it helps the teachers to respond to the changing demographics of their students rapidly.
One of the main objectives is that the students develop a positive mental attitude towards people of different ethnic background, race, and cultural background. Teachers are therefore expected to incorporate materials such as images and pieces of history of the various students that they have; research has shown at the time when students join school they already have a certain perception towards different ethnic and racial groups.
By having different cultures the teacher can choose examples from among a wide variety, most of the students despite being from different cultural backgrounds can relate at an individual level; students also learn the virtual of appreciating each other.
Creating an empowering the school culture
Integration of multicultural education in the school curriculum enables different students to relate well with each other in such a way that equity is achieved. In order for the implementation and an empowering school culture to be realized all the parties must be reformed and change the perception in which they see things concerning race, culture and racial background, teachers must play a primary role in the process.
Teachers can scrutinize the learning material and identify biased content, Present their findings to their students who depend on their cultural background to eliminate the bias by using personal experiences creating an equal platform for all.
This education system is based on the principle of equity- it calls for equitable share and allocation of resources for instance instead of placing students who can not proficiently communicate in English in different classes they are placed with their peers who are fluent to enable them to learn faster through interaction.
Challenges of multicultural education:
- Lack of a clear definition of culture. America has many cultures it is not clear exactly which aspect culture should be integrated into to the education system, teachers are therefore left with the task of choosing which aspect of each culture they should integrate.
- How to apply it in school. Researchers have proved that multicultural education can at times conflict with the accepted norms and the regular education system, for instance, some cultures do not women, and minority groups as equals integrating such victuals may be seen as advocating for the oppression of women which is against human rights.
- How to portray different cultural groupset’s quite difficult to describe a specific aspect of different cultures without offending someone; Minority groups often choose to downplay the negative aspects of their history, quoting such historical pieces while teaching might make students feel unwanted and victimized especially if the teacher is from a majority subgroup.